Curriculum Painting Senior Secondary NIOS


CURRICULUM OF SENIOR SECONDARY COURSE

IN PAINTING  (332)

 

 

RATIONALE

Painting is a form of art. It is a powerful way of self-expression providing a sense of fulfillment and achievement. This course is aimed at providing with necessary inputs of practical work and skill to the learner’s familiarity of the theory of art through ages. This will further help in aesthetic development, ability to appreciate and discover beauty of life and integrate it into one’s own personality. Thus, art will make us more sensitive to our Cultural Heritage, environment and develop a creative attitude in day-to-day activities.

COURSE OBJECTIVES

The objectives of this course are to:

•        develop knowledge and understanding of visual art;

•        develop skill, ability and aesthetic attitude;

•        acquaint about the development of art and various styles of art expression and their salient features;

•        develop understanding about the visual aspects of composition, division of space, rhythm, texture, tonal gradation and expressive value of line in a learner;

•        to work with harmony and contrast of colour, having various drawing and painting materials such as pencils, pastels, water and oil colour, ink etc.

 

COURSE STRUCTURE

This course in painting for the senior secondary level has been divided into three compulsory modules namely :

 

•        History and Appreciation of Indian art.

•        History and Appreciation of Indian painting and Sculptures

•        Folk Paintings

 

It also includes one practical paper having three parts.

 

•        Object Drawing

•        Painting and Composition

•        Folk Art as Motif

 

 

 

COURSE DESCRIPTION

Module – 1 :   History and Appreciation of Indian art.

(From 2500 B.C. to 16th  Century A.D.)

 

Approach :

The art objects, belonged to Indus Valley Civilization, are the only available earliest evidence of great tradition of India. The nature form of these art works help us to imagine that tradition of Indian art must have begun long before 2500 B.C. Changing condition of politics and religions kept on motivating Indian art through the ages from 4th C. B.C. to 16th C. A.D., leaving a missing link for approximately 1000 yrs from post Indus Valley civilization to Mauryan period. Indian Art under the patronage of Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist and Jain rulers, flourished till 16th C. A.D. to face a new era of art movement after the Mughals became the rulers of India.

 

Unit 1.1           Art of Indus Valley Civilization

(Harappan and Mohen-jo-daro 2500 B.C. to 1750 B.C.).

Brief introduction and appreciation supported with drawing, maps, and pictures of the following art objects:

 

Objects

Collection

? Mother Goddess

National Museum, Delhi

? Seal with Bull Design

National Museum, Delhi

?  Painted Pottery

National Museum, Delhi

?  Jewellery (necklace)

National Museum, Delhi

 

Supportive video programme(s)

•  Mother Goddess

•  Seal with Bull Design

•  Painted Pottery

•  Jewellery (necklace)

 

Unit 1.2: Art of Mauryan to Gupta Period

 

(4th  Century B.C. to 6th  Century A.D.)

 

Brief introduction and appreciation supported with drawing and pictures of the following art objects:

 

Objects

Collection

? Lion Capital

Sarnath Museum

? Chauri Bearer (Yakshi)

Patna Museum

? Stupa I at Sanchi

Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh

? Lord Mahavira – Jain Tirthankara

National Museum, U.P.

? Seated Buddha (Gandhara Style)

Sarnath Museum, Madhya Pradesh

?  Seated Buddha

Government Museum, Mathura

 

 

 

 

Supportive video programme(s)

•  Nataraja, (Cosmic dance of lord Shiva

•  Dokra Casting (Trible Bronze casting)

•  Triumph of Labour

 

Unit 1.6 : Indo – Islamic Architecture

 

(From 12th  Century A.D. to 17th  Century)

Brief introduction and appreciation supported with drawing, and pictures of the following heritages/monuments.

 

Pictures                                            Place

? Qutab Minar                                   Delhi

? Taj Mahal                                       Agra

? Gol Gumbaz                                    Bijapur

 

Supportive video programme(s)

•  Qutab Minar

•  Taj Mahal

Gol Gumbaz

 

Module – 2 :     History and Appreciation of Indian paintings and Sculptures

(From 16th  Century A.D. Pioneers to Contemporary Art Movements)

 

Approach :

The 16th century saw a profound change in the stylistic development of Indian art. Art of miniature painting became very popular in Rajputana and in the court of the Mughals. It also influenced the South Indian painters.

The muslim rulers were great admirers of architecture. They enriched Indian art with superb structures, including one of the wonders of the world, Taj Mahal.

Under the British rule, the character of Indian art underwent a thorough change. Beside the painters like self-taught artist Raja Ravi Verma, many Indian artists followed the realistic style of European art. On the other hand, Abanindranath Tagore and his Bengal school tried to bring back classical Indian style with contemporary themes and Jamini Roy modernised the folk style of India. Amrita Shergil, with her Parsian art education, was the most influential painter in contemporary art scene, while Rabindranath Tagore visualised the most modern aesthetics in his painting. These pioneers inspired the next generation of Indian artists to discover their identity in the filed of international art.

 

Unit 2.1: Mughal School

 

(From Akbar to Bahadur Shah II)

Brief introduction and appreciation of the following Miniature Paintings:

 

Paintings

Artist

Collection

? Bird catching at Baran

Bhag

National Museum, Delhi

 

 

 

 

 

? Tanjore Painting                                                                                 Unknown             National Museum, Delhi

 

Supportive video programme(s)

•  Nizamuddin Awaliya and Amir Khusrau

•  Tanjore Painting

 

Unit 2.5: Company School

 

Brief introduction and appreciation of the following Paintings:

 

Paintings

Artist

Collection

? A group of Kashmiri Artisans

Unknown

National Museum, Delhi

? The Bird

Unknown

National Museum, Delhi

 

Supportive video programme(s)

•  A group of Kashmiri Artisans

•  The Bird

 

Unit 2.6: Pioneers of Contemporary Art Movements in India

 

Brief introduction and appreciation of Paintings in the modern era :

 

Paintings

Artist

 

Collection

?  Ravana and Jatayu

Raja Ravi Varma

National Museum, New Delhi

Bengal School

 

 

 

? Radhika

Abanindra Nath Tagore  National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi

? Sri Chaitanaya under

 

 

 

Garud Stambha

Nand Lal Bose

National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi

? Crucifixion

Jamini Roy

National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi

 

Supportive video programme(s)

•  Ravana and Jatayu

•  Radhika

•  Sri Chaitanaya under Garud Stambha

Crucifixion

 

Unit 2.7: Contemporary Arts of India

 

Brief introduction and appreciation of Paintings in modern era:

 

Paintings

Name of the Artist

Collection

? Women Face

Rabindranath Tagore

National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi

? Adornment of Bride

Amrita Shergil

National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi

? Santhal Family (Sculpture)

Ram Kinker Baij

National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi

? Mother Teresa

M.F. Hussain

National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi

? Thorn Prick

N.S. Bendre

National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi

 

 

 

 

 

PRACTICAL

 

Part I : Object Drawing                      `Study hours : 65                         Marks : 20

 

(1)   Object Study

(2)   Nature Study

 

Approach:

 

Awareness of Fundamentals of Drawing like space, line, tone, volume, perspective, light, and shade, etc. through simple experimental exercises. Study of two or three simple objects including natural and geometrical be arranged together and composed on a given format either vertically or horizontally.

Simple objects based on geometrical shapes could include, for example, jug, tumbler, basket, plate, bottle, kettle, vase, book, magazine, cup and box etc. of a variety of materials like terracotta, ceramics, cane, glass, paper, wood, plastic, drapery, leather and metal etc. Natural forms locally available like fruits, vegetables, flowers, leaves, twigs, etc. are to be used. Select any two or three on given objects.

Materials to be used: Drawing paper-1/2 imperial size or (15”/11” approximate size); Various grades of pencils (soft lead); eraser; colours- Oil pastels, water colours and ink; various grades of flat / round brushes;

 

Part II : Painting and Composition               Study hours : 65               Marks : 20

 

(3)   Fundamentals of Painting

(4)   Composition

(5)   Sketching from Life and Memory

 

 

Approach:

 

Free hand drawing directly from life of Human Figures, Animals, Trees, Building, Interior of a Room, Bus stop, Market Place, Vehicles, etc. Paint on a given topics like e.g. Festival, Fair, Railway station, Man reading a book or newspaper, Playing with your pet, Eating out, Night scene, Rainy day, wedding, Gram Panchayat, Pollution, Library, Mother & Child etc. using imagination and everyday sketches.

 

Starting with Basic Design and various Experiments to understand variety in forms and overlapping, their simplification, colour wheel, variety in colour, hue, tone and texture, rhythm and continuity in application, concept of far etc. all brought together meaning fully in a composition. (Select any one on given topics).

 

Materials to be used: Drawing paper-1/2 imperial size or (15”/11” approximate size); Various grades of pencils (soft lead); eraser; colours- Oil pastels, water colour and ink; various grades of flat / round brushes;

 

 

SCHEME OF EVALUATION

 

Mode of Evaluation

Duration in hours

 

Marks

Parts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theory

 

 

30

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practical (Three Papers)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part I : Object Drawing

 

 

20

 

 

 

1

 

?  Composition and Drawing

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

?

Treatment of Media

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

?  Overall impression

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part II : Painting and Composition

6

20

 

 

 

1

 

?  Compositional arrangement including

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

emphasis on the subject expressed

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

?  Treatment of media

 

 

8

 

70

 

 

 

?  Overall impression

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part III : Folk Art as Motif

1

 

15

 

 

 

1

 

?  Design and Layout

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

?  Overall impression

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portfolio Submission

 

 

15

 

 

 

 

 

?

Complete work

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

?

Quality of work

Self paced

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

?  Presentation

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

100

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



















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